The emergence of 5G technologies is expected to unlock many applications of the Internet of Things. New 5G technologies including network slicing and edge computing anticipated revolutionizing access to mission-essential data and services. For example, 5G is expected to play an important role in grid management linking substations with generation facilities using the ultra-low latencies provided by 5G. Likewise, transportation systems, such as trains and autonomous/semi-autonomous automobiles are expected to depend on 5G because of its ultra-high reliability and ultra-low latency. Health systems will leverage the high-data rate and mobile connectivity to support high resolution immersive video in ambulances. The high reliability and low latency will be an enabler for Industry 4.0. The massive connections provided by 5G will allow for huge numbers of sensors to monitor agricultural situations (Industrial Internet-of-Things), water distribution across crops, livestock tagging, and pathogen monitoring.
Securing the IoT infrastructure involves a combination of securing the edge
devices, the communications networks, and the core computing in the cloud that provides services. Many embedded, real-time operating systems have no built-in security, which can make operational security difficult. Research in this area needs to develop lightweight security building blocks for embedded systems, work to focus new 5G standards and technologies in ways that help create a more secure ecosystem, and design new network defenses as the last vestiges of network perimeters literally disappear into “the fog.”
Next to no lag between sending and receiving signals, enabling applications needing real-time communications.
Higher bandwidth for more data, faster.
More low-power, inexpensive devices simultaneously connected to the network, enabling the Internet of Things.